Malay Peninsula becomes the center of Southeast Asian trade as China and India started their trade through the Straits of Malacca. The discovery of several archaeological sites Age Proto History has shown that the coastal settlements there as early as the 2nd century AD again. It leads to the emergence of early government before the 10th century was the placement of small coastal and port. These include Langkasuka and Lembah Bujang in Kedah, BATURITI and Gangga Negara in Perak and Pan Pan in Kelantan. In the early 15th century, the Sultanate of Malacca to exist and its economic prosperity has attracted invaders from the Portuguese in 1511 followed by the Netherlands and Britain to establish a settlement or a colony of the Straits of Malacca.
While in Borneo, the existence of the ancient kingdom of Marudu before the 13th century AD and earlier Santubung prove a political entity existed before the existence of the Sultanate of Brunei and the sultanate of Sulu.
In Borneo, the North Borneo, formerly under the rule of the Sultanate of Brunei and the sultanate of Sulu, now Sabah) are already under lease the British North Borneo Chartered Company in 1881 until 1946 when it was installed as the Royal British colony. Meanwhile Sarawak Brooke's family before then.
As a result of Japanese occupation during World War II and the rise of communism, the awareness for the prominent independent and strong. This was feared by the British in particular in keeping the interest and the immigrant community. Thus the British created the Malayan Union, the Malays rise against and want a system that pro-Malay, Singapore and wanted to reject the entry of a single national systems (rather than allowing the immigrants get citizenship status of Malaya and their country of origin). Obtained independence for the peninsula in 1957 under the name of the Federation of Malaya, excluding Singapore.